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Java Dynamic Stack Implementation

In this example, the stack will never comes to stack overflow case, beacuse its capacity will keep increases as it reaches to max capacity, so it is very dynamic in capacity.

package com.java2novice.ds.stack;

public class MyDynamicStack {

	private int stackSize;
	private int[] stackArr;
	private int top;

	 * constructor to create stack with size
	 * @param size
	public MyDynamicStack(int size) {
		this.stackSize = size;
		this.stackArr = new int[stackSize]; = -1;

	 * This method adds new entry to the top 
	 * of the stack
	 * @param entry
	 * @throws Exception 
	public void push(int entry){
			System.out.println(("Stack is full. Increasing the capacity."));
		System.out.println("Adding: "+entry);
		this.stackArr[++top] = entry;

	 * This method removes an entry from the 
	 * top of the stack.
	 * @return
	 * @throws Exception 
	public int pop() throws Exception {
			throw new Exception("Stack is empty. Can not remove element.");
		int entry = this.stackArr[top--];
		System.out.println("Removed entry: "+entry);
		return entry;
	 * This method returns top of the stack
	 * without removing it.
	 * @return
	public long peek() {
		return stackArr[top];

	private void increaseStackCapacity(){
		int[] newStack = new int[this.stackSize*2];
		for(int i=0;i<stackSize;i++){
			newStack[i] = this.stackArr[i];
		this.stackArr = newStack;
		this.stackSize = this.stackSize*2;
	 * This method returns true if the stack is 
	 * empty
	 * @return
	public boolean isStackEmpty() {
		return (top == -1);

	 * This method returns true if the stack is full
	 * @return
	public boolean isStackFull() {
		return (top == stackSize - 1);

	public static void main(String[] args) {
		MyDynamicStack stack = new MyDynamicStack(2);
		for(int i=1;i<10;i++){
		for(int i=1;i<4;i++){
			try {
			} catch (Exception e) {
				// TODO Auto-generated catch block

Adding: 1
Adding: 2
Stack is full. Increasing the capacity.
Adding: 3
Adding: 4
Stack is full. Increasing the capacity.
Adding: 5
Adding: 6
Adding: 7
Adding: 8
Stack is full. Increasing the capacity.
Adding: 9
Removed entry: 9
Removed entry: 8
Removed entry: 7
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List of Stack Data Structure Examples

  1. Stack introduction & implementation
  2. Java Dynamic Stack Implementation
  3. Stack implementation using generics bounded type.
  4. Reverse a word or string using Stack data structure.
  5. Write a program to find out delimiter matching using stack.
  6. Convert a decimal into a binary number using stack.
  7. Towers of Hanoi implementation using stack.
  8. Evaluation of an infix expression that is fully parenthesized using stack in java.
Knowledge Centre
Difference between Enumeration and Iterator
The functionality of Enumeration and the Iterator are same. You can get remove() from Iterator to remove an element, while while Enumeration does not have remove() method. Using Enumeration you can only traverse and fetch the objects, where as using Iterator we can also add and remove the objects. So Iterator can be useful if you want to manipulate the list and Enumeration is for read-only access.
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About Author

I'm Nataraja Gootooru, programmer by profession and passionate about technologies. All examples given here are as simple as possible to help beginners. The source code is compiled and tested in my dev environment.

If you come across any mistakes or bugs, please email me to [email protected].

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Reference: Java™ Platform Standard Ed. 7 - API Specification | Java™ Platform Standard Ed. 8 - API Specification | Java is registered trademark of Oracle.
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