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Spring auto-wiring using @Qualifier annotation example

Previous page shows an example for auto-wiring using @Autowired annotation. What if a same bean declared twice? Which bean will be auto-wired?

Lets walk through the scenario:

package com.java2novice.beans;

public class Order {

	private String item;
	private String price;
	public String getItem() {
		return item;
	public void setItem(String item) {
		this.item = item;
	public String getPrice() {
		return price;
	public void setPrice(String price) {
		this.price = price;

In the given below xml configuration file, you can see two Order bean declarations:

<beans xmlns=""

    <context:annotation-config />
    <bean id="paymentGateway" class="com.java2novice.beans.PaymentGateway"/>
    <bean id="javaOrderBean" class="com.java2novice.beans.Order" >
		<property name="item" value="Java Book" />
		<property name="price" value="RS 225" />
	<bean id="oracleOrderBean" class="com.java2novice.beans.Order" >
		<property name="item" value="Oracle Book" />
		<property name="price" value="RS 305" />

And in the below bean we are using @Autowired annotation, now which bean will be assigned? In this case an exception will be thrown:

package com.java2novice.beans;
package com.java2novice.beans;

import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;

public class PaymentGateway {

	private Order order;
	public String toString(){
		return "ordering "+this.order.getItem()+" | price: "+this.order.getPrice();

Exception in thread "main" org.springframework.beans.factory.UnsatisfiedDependencyException: 
Error creating bean with name 'paymentGateway' defined in class path resource [applicationContext.xml]: 
Unsatisfied dependency expressed through constructor argument with index 0 of type [com.java2novice.beans.Order]: 
: No unique bean of type [com.java2novice.beans.Order] is defined: expected single matching bean but found 2: 
[javaOrderBean, oracleOrderBean]; ]

To solve this issue, use @Qualifier annotation with bean name, so spring container picks the right bean declaration and assigned to the property.

package com.java2novice.beans;

import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Qualifier;

public class PaymentGateway {

	private Order order;
	public String toString(){
		return "ordering "+this.order.getItem()+" | price: "+this.order.getPrice();

Spring bean demo class:

package com.java2novice.test;

import org.springframework.context.ConfigurableApplicationContext;

import com.java2novice.beans.PaymentGateway;

public class SpringDemo {

	public static void main(String a[]){
		String confFile = "applicationContext.xml";
		ConfigurableApplicationContext context 
						= new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext(confFile);
		PaymentGateway paymentGateway = (PaymentGateway) context.getBean("paymentGateway");

ordering Oracle Book | price: RS 305
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Spring framework examples

  1. Spring 3 hello world example
  2. Spring bean java based configuration using @Configuration and @Bean
  3. How to get spring application context object reference?
  4. How to load multiple spring bean configuration files?
  5. Spring java based configuration @Import example
  6. Spring Dependency Injection and Types
  7. Spring Dependency Injection via setter method
  8. Spring Dependency Injection via Constructor
  9. Constructor overloading issue with spring constructor injection
  10. Constructor vs Setter dependency Injection in Spring
  11. How to inject value into spring bean instance variables?
  12. Spring bean tag properties
  13. Differen types of spring bean scopes
  14. How to inject inner bean in spring?
  15. Set spring bean scope using annotation
  16. How to invoke spring bean init and destroy methods?
  17. Spring bean initialization callback
  18. Spring bean destruction callback
  19. Configure default initialization and destroy method in all spring beans
  20. Spring bean init and destroy methods using annotations
  21. Spring Bean Post Processors
  22. How to read property file in spring using xml based configuration file?
  23. How to read property file in spring 3.0 using java based configuration?
  24. How to inject date into spring bean property?
  25. How to inject date into spring bean with CustomDateEditor?
  26. Spring bean inheritance configuration
  27. Spring dependency checking with @Required annotation
  28. How to define a custom Required-style annotation for dependency checking?
  29. How to inject List into spring bean?
  30. How to inject Set into spring bean?
  31. How to inject Map into spring bean?
  32. How to enable auto component scanning in spring?
  33. Difference between @Component, @Service, @Repository and @Controller
  34. How to filter components in auto scanning?
  35. Spring expression language basic example using xml based configuration.
  36. Spring expression language basic example using annotations.
  37. Bean reference example using spring expression language
  38. Spring expression language operators example
  39. Spring expression language ternary operator example
  40. How to use regular expressions with spring expression language?
  41. How to use collections with spring expression language?
  42. Spring bean auto-wiring modes
  43. Spring auto-wiring mode byName
  44. Spring auto-wiring mode byType
  45. Spring auto-wiring mode constructor
  46. Spring auto-wiring using @Autowired annotation example
  47. Spring auto-wiring using @Qualifier annotation example
  48. Spring log4j configuration
  49. How to schedule jobs using @Scheduled annotation in spring?
  50. Send E-mail using spring 3
  51. Send E-mail with attachment using spring 3
  52. Simple spring JDBC example
  53. Spring JDBC example with JdbcTemplate
  54. Spring JDBC example with JdbcDaoSupport
  55. Spring JDBC query example using JdbcDaoSupport
  56. How to query single column using spring JdbcTemplate?
  57. Spring JDBC batch updates using JdbcTemplate?
  58. Spring AOP Advices - Before advice example - xml based configuration
  59. Spring AOP Advices - After returning advice example - xml based configuration
  60. Spring AOP Advices - After throwing advice example - xml based configuration
  61. Spring AOP Advices - Around advice example - xml based configuration
  62. Spring AOP Advice - Pointcuts – Name match example
  63. Spring AOP Advice - Pointcuts – Regular expression example
  64. Spring AOP - AspectJ - @Before example
  65. Spring AOP - AspectJ - @After example
  66. Spring AOP - AspectJ - @AfterReturning example
  67. Spring AOP - AspectJ - @AfterThrowing example
  68. Spring AOP - AspectJ - @Around example
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About Author

I'm Nataraja Gootooru, programmer by profession and passionate about technologies. All examples given here are as simple as possible to help beginners. The source code is compiled and tested in my dev environment.

If you come across any mistakes or bugs, please email me to [email protected].

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